Younas Emry, (born c. 1238, Turkey—died c. 1320, Turkey), poet and mystic who exercised a strong influence on Turkish literature. Though legend obscures the facts of his life, he’s known to possess been a Sufi (Islamic mystic) who sat for 40 years at the feet of his master, Tapduk Emre. Younas Emry was well versed in mystical philosophy, especially that of the 13th-century poet and mystic Jalāl ad-Dīn ar-Rūmī. Like Rūmī, Younas Emry became a number one representative of mysticism in Anatolia but on a more popular level; he was venerated as a saint after his death. His poems, which are devoted mainly to the themes of divine love and human destiny, are characterized by deep feeling. He wrote during a straightforward, almost austere style and mainly within the traditional syllabic metre of Anatolian folk poetry. His verse had a decisive influence on later Turkish mystics and inspired the poets of the renaissance of Turkish national poetry after 1910. We know little about the lifetime of Younas Emry because of the sources available to us are precious, scant, and unsure. Almost every significant thing about his life must be drawn from his poems. The empire of the good Seljuk Turks, established in Khorassan by the mid-eleventh century, had already expanded its borders to the lands of Anatolia.
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The Byzantine Empire which ruled Anatolia launched the Crusades to preserve its borders against the threat of those Seljuk Turks. The armies of the Crusades were defeated in their battles against them, and therefore, the Seljuk Turks established precedence over the Byzantines by conquering Anatolia. Yet shortly afterwards, the empire of the good Seljuk Turks collapsed because the Anatolian state of the Seljuk Turks was formed, while the Crusades still continued. Then, not only did Anatolia itself fall a under ruin from the ravages of war, but the Anatolian state of the Seljuk Turks was also seriously weakened in spite of their major victory over the armies of the Crusades. The people of Anatolia, already weakened and devastated by the Crusades from the west, now fell victim to the plundering attacks of the Mongols from the east. In 1231 when the Mongols marched into the town of Sivas in central Anatolia, they began the mass slaughter of the civilian population there.
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By the time the military of the Seljuk Turks arrived the Mongols had already withdrawn, disappearing into the remainder of Anatolia. The direct consequence of those recurring Mongol raids on Anatolia were the splintering of its people, already weak and feeble, into many groups. Since the authority of the Anatolian Seljuk state was now so weak it had disintegrated politically, and since the military was incapable of protecting its citizens, individual communities gathered around area ruler or beylik, a sultan. This was the start of a process which strengthened variety of local rulers and sultans. On the one hand, local rulers, severely competitive, were fighting each other; at an equivalent time they were also in revolt against the authority of the Seljuk state, while still battling the Mongol invasions.